2012;131:949955. The country-specific proportion of breast cancer mortality among women under 50 years old at the time of death was lowest in Japan and Australia (both 13%) and highest in Mongolia (39%) and Papua New Guinea (43%) (data not shown).Mortality trendsBreast cancer mortality has been decreasing by an average of about 2% per year for females of all ages in Australia (2000-2011), and New Zealand (1989-2009), while the corresponding trends were stable for Hong Kong and Singapore (Table 3 and Figure 4). J Breast Cancer 2011;14:79-87 [PMC free article] [PubMed]55. Prognostic factors in women with breast cancer: inequalities by ethnicity and socioeconomic position in New Zealand. Overview of breast health care guidelines for countries with limited resources. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. editors. IntroductionUntil recently, information on the epidemiology of female breast cancer was mainly gleaned from studies conducted in the Western world1,2.
Potential for cure among early detectable cancers Some of the most common cancer types, such as breast cancer, cervical cancer, oral cancer and colorectal cancer have high cure rates when detected early and treated according to best practices. “Cancer survival in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and Central America” [Accessed August 10, 2013]. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Cancer Registry, Hospital Authority; 2009.27. What causes cancer? Cancer arises from one single cell. Screening programmes are especially effective for frequent cancer types for which cost-effective, affordable, acceptable and accessible screening tests are available to the majority of the population at risk. These declines in breast cancer mortality have mainly occurred where either or both of two effective interventions, shown to significantly reduce breast cancer mortality in randomized controlled trials (RCT), had been introduced into routine management of breast cancer: adjuvant therapy and mammographic screening. ^ "WHO Disease and injury country estimates". [Accessed August 10, 2013].. Breast Cancer Res Treat.
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